Modern industrial policy or postmodern industrial policies? - is the last publication of mesopartners co-founding partner, Dr. Jörg Meyer-Stamer (October 30, 1958 – May 1, 2009). This paper was originally published in German languages ordered by the Working Group on Modern Industrial Policy of Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation. As the analysis and conclusions are relevant for other countries who like to learn from the German experience, Mesopartner decided to translate the paper to English and make it available for a broader audience. It should be seen as a contribution to the current debate on industrial policy in industrial and developing countries.